PreK-Grade 3 Alignment


Adapted from the Foundation for Child Development

The Case for PreK-3 rd

Kristie Kauerz (2010). PreK-3 rd: Putting Full-Day Kindergarten in the Middle

Lisa Guernsey & Sara Mead, New America Foundation (2010). A Next Social Contract for the Primary Years of Education

New America Foundation (2009). Fighting Fade-Out Through PreK-3 rd Reform (Seven-minute video)

Foundation for Child Development-PreK-Grade 3 Alignment

Rima Shore (2009). The Case for Investing in PreK-3 rd Education: Challenging Myths about School Reform

Foundation for Child Development (2008). America's Vanishing Potential: The Case for PreK-3 rdEducation

Ruby Takanishi & Kristie Kauerz (2008). PK Inclusion: Getting Serious About a P-16 Education System, Phi Delta Kappan

Grantmakers for Education (GFE) (2007). Making the Most of Our Investments: How PK-3 Alignment Can Close the Achievement Gap from the Start

Lisbeth B. Schorr and Vicky Marchand. Children Ready for School and Succeeding at Third Grade.Pathways Mapping Initiative.

Expectations for Children as They Enter Kindergarten and School Readiness Pilot results:  The early years of a child’s life are crucial in creating a foundation for life-long learning and success. The Minnesota Department of Education is committed to ensuring all children’s readiness for school by providing comprehensive services and supports to children, families, teachers and other professionals. 

Early Childhood Indicators of Progress, Minnesota's early learning standards, which were used to inform Minnesota's Expectations for Children as They Enter Kindergarten.

Transition Practices 

Dailey, S. (2014). Initiatives from Preschool to Third Grade: A Policymaker's Guide  Denver, CO: Education Commission of the States

Geiser, K.E., Horwitz, I.M. and Gersterin, A. (2013) Improving the Quality and Continuity of Practice across Early Childhood Education and Elementary Community School Settings John W. Gardner Center for Youth and Their Communities

Kauerz, K. and Coffman, J. (2013) Framework for Planning, Implementing and Evaluating PreK-3rd Grade Approaches (Seattle, WA: College of Education, University of Washington)

Regenstein, E.and Romero-Jurado, R. (2014) A Framework for Rethinking State Education Accountability and Support from Birth through High School Chicago, IL: The Ounce of Prevention Fund

Regenstein, E., Marable, B. and Britten, J. (December 2014) Unlocking the Potential of Children Before Kindergarten Entry Prepared for the Thomas B. Fordham Institute's Education for Upward Mobility Conference

Tout, K., Halle, T., Daily, S., Albertson-Junkans, L., and Moodie, S. (2013) The Research Base for a Birth through Age Eight State Policy Framework Child Trends

The Birth Through Third Grade Learning Hub 


Financing PreK-3 rd

Rima Shores (2009). PreK-3 rd: What is the Price Tag?

Lawrence O. Piscus, Allan Odden & Michael Goetz (2009). An Evidence-Based Approach to Estimating the National and State Costs of PreK-3 rd


Implementing PreK-3 rd

Kristie Kauerz & Julia Coffman (2013) Framework for Planning, Implementing, and Evaluating PreK-3rd Grade Approaches

Foundation for Child Development (2006). PK-3 Education: Programs and Practices that Work in Children's First Decade

Rudy Takanishi. PreK-Third Grade: A Paradigm Shift

PreK-Grade 3 in Minnesota-wikidot

Linda Sullivan-Dudzic, Donna K. Gearns, & Kelli Leavell (2010). Making a Difference: 10 Essential Steps to Building a PreK-3 System

Stacy M. Childress, Denis P. Doyle & David A. Thomas (2009). Leading for Equity: The Pursuit of Excellence in the Montgomery County Public Schools

Michael Sadowski (2006). Core Knowledge for PK-3 Teaching: Ten Components of Effective Instruction

National Association of Elementary School Principals (NAEYC) (2005). Leading Early Childhood Learning Communities: What Principals Should Know and Be Able to Do

Robert C. Pianta, Ph.D., & Marcia Kraft-Sayre, LCSW. Successful Kindergarten Transition: Your Guide to Connecting Children, Families and Schools

Teaching Strategies Gold

Desired Results Developmental Profile          Administrators        Teachers 

Work Sampling System

Ruby Takanishi (2016). First Things First! -Creating the New American Primary School

Linda Sullivan-Dudzic, Donna K. Gearns, & Kelli Leavell (2010). Making a Difference. 10 Essential Steps to Building a PreK-3 System

Tamara Halle, Allison Metz, & Ivelisse Martinez-Beck (2013). Applying Implementation Science in Early Childhood Programs and Systems

Robert C. Pianta, Martha J. Cox, & Kyle L. Snow (2007). School Readiness & the Transition to Kindergarten

Sharon Ritchie, Laura Gutmann (2014). First School

Michael Fullan, Joanne Quinn (2016). Coherence

Jessica Cabeen (2018). Hacking Early Learning. 

Edward Ziegler, Walter S. Gilliam, W. Steven Barnett (2011). The Pre-K Debates- Current Controversies & Issues


Teacher Preparation/Professional Development

Rima Shores (2010). PreK-3 rd: Teacher Quality Matters

Foundation for Child Development (2007). Teacher Education and PK Outcomes: Are We Asking the Right Questions?, Early Childhood Research Quarterly

Cynthia Rice & Jill McLaughlin, Association for the Children of New Jersey (ACNJ) (2007). Providing Tools Towards Quality: The Status of P-3 Teacher Preparation Programs in New Jersey

Foundation for Child Development (2006). Ready to Teach? Providing Children with the Teachers They Deserve

Find certified local trainers on select assessment tools on the Curriculum and Assessment Trainers webpage.

Center on Enhancing Early Learning Outcomes


Leadership by Educators

Ruby Takanishi (2010). PreK-Third Grade: A Paradigm Shift. Children of 2020: Creating a Better Tomorrow.

Stacie G. Goffin & Valora Washington (2007). Ready or Not: Leadership Choices in Early Care and Education

National Association of Elementary School Principals (NAESP) (2006). Principals Lead the Way for PK-3: Early Investment, Strong Alignment, Better Results


Federal Policy

New America Foundation (ongoing). The Early Ed Watch Blog

New America Foundation (2007). Ten New Ideas for Early Education In the NCLB Reauthorization

Danielle Ewen & Hannah Matthews, Center for Law and Social Policy (2007). Title I and Early Childhood Programs: A Look at Investments in the NCLB Era


State Policy Examples

Superintendent of Public Instruction (2010). Starting Strong in Washington State: Early Learning Lessons and Success Stories

Sara Mead (2009). Education Reform Starts Early: Lessons from New Jersey's PreK-3 rdReform

Linda Jacobsen (2009). On the Cusp in California: How PreK-3 rdStrategies Could Improve Education in the Golden State

National Association of State Boards of Education (NASBE) (2008). Promoting a Pre-K to Three Vision for Early Learning

Cynthia Rice, Association for Children in New Jersey (ACNJ) (2008). Seize the Opportunity: Building PK3 Systems in New Jersey's School Districts

Cynthia Rice, Association for Children in New Jersey (ACNJ) (2008). Inside and Out: Developing an Advocacy Strategy for New Jersey's PK-3 Agenda


School District Policy Examples

Cynthia Rice, Association for Children in New Jersey (ACNJ) (2008). Seize the Opportunity: Building PK3 Systems in New Jersey's School Districts

Cynthia Rice, Association for Children in New Jersey (ACNJ) (2008). Embracing the Big Picture: The State of New Jersey's Road Toward a PK3 Continuum


Research Basis for PreK-3rd

Arthur Reynolds, et al. (2007). Effects of a Preschool and School-Age Intervention on Adult Health and Well-being: Evidence from the Chicago Longitudinal Study

Ruby Takanishi & Kimber Bogard (2007). Effective Educational Programs for Young Children: What We Need to Know,Child Development Perspectives

Marielle Bohan-Baker and Priscilla M.D. Little. The Transition to Kindergarten: A Review of Current Research and Promising Practices to Involve Families. Harvard Family Research Project.